Cannabis Addiction and Cannabis Dependency - a myth?

From The Report of the FCDA Europe which you can buy on line, paperback, or hardcover

"Under the Single Convention Treaty and some nations' Schedules or Regulation of Prohibition legislation, the creation of the category 'psychological dependence' or 'psychological addiction' is used as a contrivance to enable the inclusion of the harmless, non-addictive substances in cannabis in the same prohibition legislation as the dangerous, addictive drugs, such as heroin and morphine. It is therefore valid to examine such terminology in connexion with the framing of the law.

"One must make clear from the outset that, by definition, 'subjective preference' or a 'liking' for something, even when the liking is strong, is not 'dependence', nor is it 'addiction'. Dependence and addiction are words which define and describe the morbid [sick] states inevitably induced in humans by their use of particular substances. A person's repeated indulgence in chemically non-addictive substances, such as cornflakes and milk, can be called a habit, but categorically, for Prohibition purposes, this is not a condition definable as addiction or dependence of any type. The word 'dependence' indicates reliance; only if one cannot lead a life without some substance, does one depend upon it.

"The person who is distinctly distressed by having to go to work in the morning without the usual cooked breakfast because of an electrical power-cut [failure] is not suffering from 'psychological dependence. That is to say, the application of the term in such circumstances would be semantically malapropos and literally incorrect. Although one might hear the exasperated "I'm addicted to my boiled eggs in the morning", this is casual talk, and on such grounds no one would seriously contemplate the prohibition of eggs (boiled or otherwise). Similarly, the fact that olives are missing from the pizza might make a person who always likes to take olives with a cooked cheese dish dismayed to some degree, but it categorically does not mean that this person is 'psychologically dependent' on olives.

"Psychological dependence is not simply a strong liking or marked preference for something. Far from it, dependence denotes an acute mental condition, the derangement of normal functioning of an individual. 'Psychological' dependence self-evidently, is a sickness of mind. An uncommon phenomenon sometimes referred to as "addictive personality" is the pathological condition which comes to exist within the mind of a person, characterised by excessive subjective preference for a given substance or substances, the object of which might typically be anchovies, ice-cream, chocolate or even water. The obsessional behaviour of extreme preoccupation with, or inordinate consumption of, any non-addictive substance is the outward sign of an individual's inner psychological dependence. This syndrome of "psychological dependence", is caused by and product of a mental weakness or aberration within a particular human persona and does not mean that the substances upon which the psychologically fraught person becomes fixated, or 'dependent'. are more or less or less 'addictive' than any other non-addictive substances. The substance per se does not induce Psychological dependence, rather the substances, the chocolate, or the anchovies, etc, is the 'innocent bystander' which becomes the object of a mentally sick person's attentions.

"For any legislation-framing administration to declare arbitrarily that one non-addictive substances is more prone to "induce" psychological dependence that any other non-addictive substance, and consequently prohibit that substance by law, demonstrates (whatever their motive) the failure by that administration, to acknowledge that in connexion with a physically non-addictive substance, categorically, no form of 'dependence' is, or can be, 'induced' by that substance. As found in the prohibition schedules, the misconception 'psychological dependence' incorrectly ascribes to cannabis, induced dependence, that is the cravings and fixation concomitant with the use of physically addictive drugs such as heroin, ,morphine, tobacco, alcohol, tranquillisers, amphetamines, etc. This represents the utmost bureaucratic ineptitude"

"It is empirically established and repeatedly confirmed by clinical studies that even frequent use of cannabis over prolonged or lifetime periods produces no mental, physical or social dysfunction. It is a fact that were cannabis to be the object of fixation of a psychologically disturbed person's fixation of dependence, the cannabis itself would do no harm to that individual. "

"It is very clear that it is a mere Prohibitionist's ploy, a rank deception, to introduce 'Psychological dependence' as a 'criterion' for prohibition regulations because the only non-addictive substance to which prohibition apply is ... cannabis. "

{The Report of the FCDA Europe is endorsed by Judges, Doctors, and scientists.}

You may also like to glance at

the official rating of the addictiveness of cannabis

QUOTES The Shafer Commission of 1970 said:
"Marijuana does not lead to physical dependency, although some evidence indicates that the heavy, long-term users may develop a psychological dependence on the drug"

Panama Canal Zone Military Investigations (US Military, 1929) said:
"there is no evidence that Marihuana as grown and used [in the Canal Zone] is a 'habit-forming' drug. "

books on cannabis, drugs etc

Go back to the Index